What constitutional and political issues in the 1850s indicated unrest for Georgia as a member of the United States?
The issue of Slavery and the interpretation of the State versus federal capacity are the major issues in the 1850s, which caused unrest for Georgia as a United States Member. This paper discusses political and constitutional controversies in the 1850s that led to Georgia’s unrest.
Sectional concerns on the practice of Slavery at the time caused frenzied tension in Georgia. The State contradicted the United States Congress move to alter the slave trade laws (Maizlish 88). Georgia influenced other abolitionists to uphold the slavery system through clauses that imposed fines and imprisonment for anyone involved in slave runaway.
Slavery was an essential part of Georgia’s economy due to industrial development, favourable cotton prices and the growth of rice. This made it hard for slaveholders to manumit their slaves. Georgia contended for the ability to possess free blacks from the Northern states. Other slaveholders flocked in Georgia in a bid to build a strong front. The Southern Convection, also known as the Nashville Convection also started, to protect the slaveholders from any Northern intrusion with a possibility of secession. This caused strive with other free states, which threatened to start a civil war. Several debates, between the Republicans and Democrats, were held throughout election campaigns to argue on the practice of Slavery.
In conclusion, the main political and constitutional issues of the 1850s that caused unrest in Georgia were abolitionism, protectionism and dissension. The primary cause for the dispute was that Georgia’s laws and actions posed a danger to the existing domestic peace and US security. According to Georgia, the States’ rights and Slavery intertwined (Maizlish 79). Constitutionally, controversy arose in giving states the power to free or hold slaves. The 1850 Compromise played a critical role in diffusing the political feud between free and Slavery states. This postponed the American civil war.
“The Slavery Expansion Issue: DENIED AND AFFIRMED.” A Strife of Tongues: The Compromise of 1850 and the Ideological Foundations of the American Civil War, by Stephen E. Maizlish, University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville; London, 2018, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv346vw1.7. Accessed 20 May 2020.
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