The Exaggeration of Time-Space Compression of Internet and Telegraph

The Exaggeration of Time-Space Compression of Internet and Telegraph


A storm is a blowing paradise, whereas history is an endless chain of events with a rapidly changing technological revolution concerning long-distances communication. With this in mind, new roads are built at such a rapid speed, and yet the society hardly notices. In essence, the countryside is not under the bulldozers, canals, and rails; instead, the roads are meant for communication and information improvements. According to Warf (2016, p. 2), cables and networks are part of our daily lives, but still, we do not realize the dependency of our lives to means of communication. People are not only linked with television and boxes but also to communication systems such as Telegraph and the internet. Literature has consistently discussed the similarities and differences between the internet and Telegraph. From a more advanced perspective, historians have exaggerated the disparities of time-space compression between the Telegraph and internet (Johnston 2020, p. 50). Therefore, the study is to confirm whether both telegraph and internet global time-space acceleration aspects have been exaggerated. The paper reports the arguments by identifying the shreds of evidence of time-space compression in the forms of long-distance communication to contrast the ever-existing notion.

Telegraph and Internet in Historical Context

Telegraph is a messaging system with a point-to-point electrical current that was developed in 1844 by Morse. The signal system enabled efficient communication over long distances with the use of semaphore systems. The signal systems would then transmit information with entirely revolutionized means of communication by the use of electricity. Telecommunication system allowed for connectivity and without the need for geographical locations. The comprehensive technology-enabled the sending of messages to several receivers that ensured time-space compression (Johnston 2020, p. 45). Telegraph is a source of inspiration to several individuals globally. The telecommunication systems have significantly been used to transmit important news ranging from sports, business, entertainment, political as well as the economic news. In essence, the Telegraph is a global system for the interconnection of individuals across different continents. On the other hand, Comer (2018, p. 24) states that internet is an interconnection of networks to form a world-wide-web. It is through communication protocols that users can access the web through the use of browsers for the attainment of the useful information. Likewise, to the Telegraph, the internet also transmits news with diverse backgrounds ranging from sports, entertainment, business, weather, and societal information. Initially, the interconnected networks served as military and academic purposes for the transmission of information.

Telegraph and Time-Space Compression


As articulated by De Pater (2019, p. 168), time-compression is the condition of postmodernity that provides an economic illustration between space and time. With the basis of Karl Marx’s theory, Der Pater (171) considers the Boolean nature of technology due to the ubiquity and false-distance phenomena. Time compression theory offers an innovative approach for the conceptualization of technological applications, including internet and Telegraph. Internet is a time-compression concept as it condenses geographical distances to a single space. Similarly, Telegraph also supports the time compression aspect as parties from different geographic locations due to conference and share information through Telegraph. Economically, both internet and Telegraph destroy geographical barriers leading to an effective acceleration of progressive developments. Most recently, internet has been the driving force behind globalization likewise to telegraph. Both web and Telegraph have contributed to the time-space compression economy as people carry out communication processes from zones of their comfort. However, the internet has steered contemporary developments as compared to Telegraph. The difference is that internet enables a promising time-space compression based on virtual conferences, meetings, and seminars from their homes (Comer 2018, p. 58). This disparity reveals the real difference of time-space compression between the internet and Telegraph, though not too extreme levels.

The electrical Telegraph enabled communication without the necessity to make physical transportation. Additionally, the optical telegraphs, flag semaphore and beacons incorporated visual signals for the communication of over the land. The telecommunication system conveyed information and ideas through visualization of concepts. Telegraph enabled the transmission of animation, advertising, industrial design, graphical interpretations, typography thus ensuring time-space compression (Hofmann 2019, p. 3). Concepts and ideas could be exchanged and transmitted globally to other parts of the world through signs, images and also gestures. The point-to-point systems could transmit information through the use of code pulses, the electric signals for the transmission of idea to long-range zones. Likewise, to internet, Telegraph used Morse standards for the conveyance of international information, thus ensuring connectivity just as internet. Moreover, the superseded telegraph systems which were installed in cities that permitted the commerce transit of instant messages leading to economic and social impacts. As compared to internet, Telegraph also supported the fast transmission of signals. To me, it is an affirmation that Telegraph, through magnetism and base station, allowed the transmission of information with accuracy over the world. In the same dimension, internet also allows people to share ideas with virtual physical appearance, although with significant functionalities and design. This eliminates the notion of the disparity of exaggeration of time-space compression of the internet and Telegraph.

            In 1940, the technological revolution of the Telegraph led to more efficient mechanisms of how business activities were conducted. Contrary to the earlier versions, the electronic Telegraph delivered horse-carriage emails and news instantly. The innovation also led to systems that could promote economic efficiency as money could be wired to other geographical locations. Centralized communication systems opened opportunities to space conquest without face-to-face contact. With comparison to internet, the system facilitated faster communication processes with vast extension geographically (Johnston 2020, p. 74). Further, Telegraph is of technological history. It has provided a sophisticated and ubiquitous approach in both political and social environment. Just as internet, Telegraph ensured bridging of geographical gaps through provision of signals between fari-flung stations. The signals enhanced effective connectivity of trains, an aspect that was realized Telegraph. Telegraph is just an improved version of internet based on the efforts of globalization as well as time-space compression.

Accounts of Time-Space Compression of Telegraph

With the pioneering of communication theory, the Telegraph and the internet have led to cultural integration, thus time-space compression. Telegraph reduced the interaction barriers as people interacted freely leading to the assumption of cultural practices, beliefs and rituals at will (Surratt 2017, p. 82). Both telegraph and internet use video compressions and voice call for globalization. Telegraph, just like any other communication platform, has played a vital role in curbing the spatial barriers, likewise to the internet. The successful operation of most of the activities depends on the systems’ capability to narrow geographical space. The roles played by both the Telegraph and the internet has provided a changelog and free access to resources online, thus constituting time-space compression (Mueller 2016, p. 521). Telegraph has a significant effect on the political culture of every nation. Enhancement of time-space compression has consistently defined the political arena into a persuaded expectations and loyalty center. Internet, a subset of Telegraph shows the correlation of time-space compression media, therefore, a crucial factor for globalization. It is through the digital media that most countries learn about direct participation and statesman form of leadership (Warf 2019, p. 11). The fruits of Telegraph have changed the political culture. In essence, Telegraph has perfectly revealed time-space compression for the fundamental distinctions of domestic and international political life.

On the contrary to the exaggeration argument of time-space compression, Telegraph and internet have provided a channel for the transformation of the economic status globally. It is through the telecommunication systems that all the nations learn of the existence of perfect market opportunities (Thorat 2019, p. 260). Likewise, like the internet, Telegraph allows for effective communication techniques such as conferencing and online calls, which could be applied to telecommuting. The systems, can also be used for the sharing of market information leading to market efficiency. The act of buying and selling has been brought to the comfort of an individual’s home. The cost of logistics is now reduced due to Telegraph. In the line of employment, telecommunication systems have created several jobs which have employed a good number of people. The idea of one working from home is entirely the concept of the revolution of the electronic Telegraph. Sooner, the integration of telegraph internet allows other devices to interact. For both the internet and Telegraph, time-space compression is the basic functionality of the systems, hence fostering the internationalization of companies (Pietrzyk 2019, p. 102). The western countries believe that none of their daily operations can go successfully without the element of communication media. From some of the latest research, a good number of people in the western countries have strong preference to technological revolution. Similarly, the Telegraph and internet have become the lifestyle.

Despite the similarities mentioned above, internet and Telegraph exhibit a slight difference in time-space compressions. Internet can be accessed at any place at any time (De Pater 2019, p. 172). This is not the case with Telegraph, telecommunication system. Internet is a free web that only needs the use of browser and a device to access the services. Internet is of greater levels of ubiquity as compared to Telegraph. The non-existence of global access codes due to security and robust architecture makes internet better as compared to Telegraph on the basis of time-space compression. Internet through client-server protocols has ensured geographical advantage with effective distribution of resources. The availability of distributed systems enhances computerized world with increased connectivity of devices. This phenomenon makes internet better in relation to time-space compression as compared to Telegraph. Lastly is the improved ability of the internet through machine learning, which ensures actual conversation and technical information as compared to time-space compression of the telegraph system. With rapidly changing technology, the Telegraph aims at adding video compression, therefore, eradicating the controversy of exaggeration of the disparity between Telegraph and internet to time-space compression.

Criticism on The Exaggeration of Time-Space Compression

The difference in time-space compression of the internet and Telegraph should not be exaggerated even though internet ensures effective connectivity. Telegraph has relied on voice calls and privacy treatment for the building of globalization rapport with improved network conditions (Thorat 2019, p. 260). The correlation between internet and the Telegraph is of relativism concerning time-space compression. During the industrial age, the visualized networks of Telegraph enabled the transmission of information thus fostering space-time compression. This is based on the increased globalization of Telegraph which facilitated interaction between firms and the railroads. In my opinion, Telegraph ensured time-space compression, through enhanced connectivity without the need for geographical availability. As discussed, the notion and increased exaggeration of the disparity of time-space compression should be eliminated from communication system since internet is an improved version of internet. Telegraph has ensured political, social, and economic relativism through, just as internet, thereby fostering efficient time-space compression.


In conclusion, telegraph revolutions meant a purposeful intervention of optimized techniques for time-space compression of the Telegraph. The emergence of the internet and Telegraph has supported various developmental outcomes such as globalization and the enhancement of connectivity within a virtual environment. Even though several kinds of research have been done to affirm the difference between Telegraph and internet in terms of time-space compression, I stand out to confirm the accelerated connectivity of the Telegraph and the internet. Indeed, I believe that within the communication industry, arguments on the disparities between internet and Telegraph have been exaggerated. Fundamentally, the historical evidence of characteristics of telecommunication systems reveals the interdependence of internet and Telegraph, therefore eliminating the notion of exaggerated acceleration of time-compression between internet and Telegraph.


Comer, D.E., 2018. The Internet book: everything you need to know about computer networking and how the internet works. CRC Press.

De Pater, B.C., 2019. Infrastructures. In The Netherlands and the Dutch (pp. 163-177). Springer, Cham.

Hofmann, J., 2019. Mediated democracy–Linking digital technology to political agency. Internet Policy Review8(2), pp.1-18.

Johnston, J.M., 2020. The Telegraphic Revolution: Speed, Space and Time in the Nineteenth Century. German History38(1), pp.47-76.

Mueller, S.M., 2016. From cabling the Atlantic to wiring the world: A review essay on the 150th anniversary of the Atlantic telegraph cable of 1866. Technology and culture57(3), pp.507-526.

Pietrzyk, K., 2019. Activism in the fast lane: Social movements and the neglect of time. Fast Capitalism7(1).

Surratt, C.G., 2017. The internet and social change. McFarland.

Thorat, D., 2019. Colonial Topographies of Internet Infrastructure: The Sedimented and Linked Networks of the Telegraph and Submarine Fiber Optic Internet. South Asian Review40(3), pp.252-267.

Warf, B., 2016. Information and Communications Technology. International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment and Technology: People, the Earth, Environment and Technology, pp.1-17.

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