OSHA Act: Public Relation Questions

Public Relation Questions

  1. The rationale for the OSHA Act

According to the US Department of Labor (2019), the reason behind the enactment of the legislation was to ensure that all the individuals in the US workforce operate in a safe environment. OSHA Act also ensures that organizations establish standards and policies for employers and employees to understand the constituents of a safe working environment. Moreover, the Act established consequential actions that have to be taken if the regulations are breached.

  1. OSHA’s Mission or Purpose

According to the provisions of OSHA, its mission is to ensure the establishment of healthy and safe working conditions for workers. However, such is achieved by creating and enforcing safety standards, as well as providing outreach, training, assistance, and education to employees and employers.

  1. Parties Exempted from Coverage by OSHA
  • Federal workers
  • Local government and state employees
  • Self-employed individuals
  • Domestic household workers
  • Organizations covered by other federal statutes
  • Manufacturers of nuclear weapons and nuclear energy workers
  • Mining companies
  1. Difference between an OSHA Standard and an OSHA Regulation

An OSHA regulation is a legal requirement that is subjected to being enforced by the government while an OSHA standard is the element that dictates the regulations stipulated by OSHA. The standards explain the guidelines, rules, and requirements of the regulations.

  1. How the Following Processes relating to OSHA Standards are Accomplished (1) Passage of a New Standard (2) Request for a Temporary variance (3) Appeal regarding a Standard

Passage of a new standard: Upon the development of a plan to amend, propose, or revoke a standard, such intensions must be published in the Federal Register. However, OSHA has to consults with OMB to ensure that established procedures are orderly executed.

Request for a temporary variance: Such a temporary variance is given to an employer that refuses to comply with the established regulation. This party is required to demonstrate that it is taking tangible steps to safeguard workers.

The appeal regarding a standard: If an individual is affected by the standards, he may file a petition within 59 days after the ruling to have the Court of Appeal to review the verdict given.

  1. OSHA’s Latest Record-Keeping Requirements

According to Charles (2019), the regulations related to recordkeeping stipulate that workers be required to prepare and maintain all the records relating to illnesses and occupational injuries. Such information is vital as it may be used to evaluate the safeness of an organizational workplace. However, the new rule exempts companies belonging to the North American Industry Classification System, as well as established illness and injury based on data obtained from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

  1. OSHA’s Reporting Requirements

OSHA establishes that workers have to report any sort of worker fatality within 8 hours while any loss of the eye, amputation, or hospitalization of an employee has to be reported within 24 hours.

  1. What Employers are Required to do to Keep Employees Informed

According to OSHA, businesses with workers have to be knowledgeable about OSHA. This information must be relayed to employees. Afterward, employers must make the work environment safe while establishing training for workers regarding the requirements of OSHA.

  1. Describe how a Hypothetical OSHA Inspection would proceed from the First Step to the Last

The first step is the presentation of credentials. In such a case, the officers confirm the identity of the OSHA compliance office. The second phase is the opening of the conference, which involves the inspectors explaining the scope and purpose of the activity. The third step is walk-through and safety inspection. It encompasses the examination of processes, sites, equipment, and operations for OSHA compliance. The final step is the closing of the conference, which entails reviewing the solicited conditions and informing the employer regarding the possibility of citation and grounds of appeal.

  1. Three Different Types of OSHA Citations and the Typical Penalties that accompany them
  2. Willful – This citation elucidates a condition in which the employer showcases intentional disregard or an act of indifference to the OSHA regulations. The penalties range between $5,000 and $70,000 depending on every willful violation.
  3. Serious – This citation exists if the work environment elucidates death or a serious possibility of physical harm. The penalty for such a violation is up to a maximum of $7,000 for every violation.
  4. Other than serious – The citation of the violation involves a case in which an incident or accident happens leading to a hazardous condition. The penalty is considered to be up to a maximum of $7,000 for every violation.
  5. The Process for Appealing an OSHA Citation

Before appealing, the manager or employer may request a meeting with OSHA’s area director in 15-working days to have a discussion relating to the citation. As such, the employer must request an “informal conference.” The goals of appeal are diverse including citation deletion, reduction of penalty, and the reclassification of the established citations, among other reasons.

  1. Explain OSHA’s Voluntary Protection Programs
  2. Star program: The program is open to all industries. However, it mainly considers leaders who have illnesses, injuries, or accidents and as such, wishes to recognize sites of outstanding work.
  3. Merit program: This program is meant to recognize both workers and employers. However, such individuals must not meet the qualifications of the Star program. However, recognized individuals tend to have lost approximately 35% of workday rates.
  4. Demonstration program: The program intends to solicit how the Voluntary Protection Programs are employed.
  5. Five Employee Responsibilities
  • To comply with the regulations, rules, and standards of OSHA
  • Use protective gears, safety equipment, and devices to reduce workplace risks
  • Report hazardous and unhealthy conditions at work
  • Participate in the activities provided by OSHA
  • Mobilize other workers to understand OSHA requirements
  1. Five Employee Rights
  • Right to get training on OSHA standards
  • Right to request relevant information from the employer regarding OSHA standards
  • Right to ask the employer to solve violations and hazards
  • Right to file a complaint with OSHA regarding the violation of rights
  • Right to get involved in OSHA inspections
  1. Purpose and Organization of NIOSH

The purpose of NIOSH is to undertake research activities to reduce injuries and related illnesses, to ensure workplace health and safety via recommendations, interventions, and capacity building, as well as to enhance workplace safety via international collaborations. NIOSH was established via the Act of Congress that established OSHA. Moreover, a director leads NIOSH.

  1. Define the Following Legal Terms as they relate to Workplace Safety; Negligence, Liability, Ability to Pay, Tort.

Negligence: This is the inability to exercise ethical care as expected in different circumstances

Liability: An individual who behaves in a manner that is likely to disadvantage or jeopardize others.

Ability to pay: It refers to the ideology behind the argument that an institution or an individual can provide the required amounts.

Tort: Refers to the infringement of rights or an act that is wrong.


Charles, T. (2019). What organizations are affected by OSHA?

US Department of Labor. (2019). Occupational safety and health administration. United States Department of Labor. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/aboutosha


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