In Australia, at Sydney after an attack that took place in New Zealand where around 50 Muslims murdered, the Prime Minister of Australia come up with a plan which was to be used to address the attack encountered in the country. The strategy proposed was not meant to battle the hate sets and Islamophobia. The strategy implemented by the government of Australia was a possible turning point for the country (Casimiro, Hancock, and Northcote, 2017). The strategy has continued to be shaped by the immigrants coming to the country and is viewed as a model involving immigration, which, when appropriately managed, helps in strengthening the country. Recently, there has been a common reaction which is against immigration to other countries has also impacted Australia even having their turning point policy. By turning away from the policy of welcoming immigrants in Australia has helped the Australian community in conserving their culture. According to Australia’s Prime Minister, this restriction helped in reducing congestion in the largest cities and reducing the cost of housing Australia. He further claimed that the policy was used to protect the quality of life of the residents in the country. These kinds of concerns are widely spread in the country, which has significantly turned against population development in the past few years (Cass, 2014).
Negative Impacts of Immigration in Australia
Issues involving immigration and an alleged population catastrophe have been through the range of the country’s politics. Politicians in the country called for a referendum involving immigration and others brought up issues involving the number of temporary migration in the country. Cutting immigration numbers in the country have economic advantages, as stated by the Minister of Immigration in Australia (Collins, 2016). Other high-rank offices in the country also agree to halt immigration in the country claiming that it would allow the country’s infrastructure period to go in-hand with the population demand through a prominent public figure (Goot and Watson, 2015).
The Net Overseas Migration in Australia
The Net Overseas Migration involves the state’s strategy though movements taking place in the country either in or out are also involved. Without any restrictions, residents from New Zealand are allowed to get in Australia. Individuals such as students, doctors, and maybe engineers move to Australia temporarily (Hawkins, 2018). Whether a temporary or permanent Australian resident, they are all permitted to leave the country without being restricted. Around 5 million of the immigrants who have moved to Australia are expertise immigrants, and about 400000 of the immigrants are students and workers who get in the country every year, this according to the figures provided by the Australian government (Kabir, 2014).
Net overseas immigration impacts tend to vary in means which they are not consistent with the activities taking place in the immigration policy. In case the economy in Australia grew, and a certain number of Australians opt to stay permanently, then the recorded figures involving net overseas immigration would increase even when the immigration strategy does not (Legrain, 2014). Both the immigration strategy and the net overseas migration develop independently from 2006 the definition of the Australian Bureau of Statistics was changed to the resident; this made residents who are living there also to be recorded in the net overseas immigration.
To examine how the net overseas migration in Australia’s population would be at zero, bat 150000, at 250000 or 300000 every year, the government uses the current ABS projections. According to the census data achieved in 2011, and the medium series assumptions involve life and fertility rate, then it is said that the projections used are tracking the recent estimates accurately (Liamputtong, 2016). From these projections, there is an indication involving the result of immigration, which is also measured as net overseas migration. The balance of incoming and outgoing movements in Australia is usually reflected by the net overseas, and even both temporary and permanent migration. Different population numbers are generally indicated by the four ABS situations over the medium and long period. The more significant population projected over the years are usually impacted by the higher net overseas migration level (Martin, 2015).
Impacts of Net Overseas Immigration
Also, apart from considering the population alone, it is essential to find population composition as an indicator. The distribution of age is usually necessary for comprehending economic chance and the issues that the population encounters. After conducting the comparison of the four overseas immigration situations indicate crucial contributions and impacts of immigration in Australia (McAdam, 2018). Dependency burden refers to the fraction of children and elderly individuals in an occupational population, which is more than zero and low than net immigration ratios. The current level involving net immigration helps in providing the middle area of balancing both population growth and population age structure.
Immigration leads to a halving of population growth in Australia
The high rate of immigration in Australia has led to more than half of the population in the past few years. Australian people in the recent year increased by around 330000 individuals where only 140000 originated from so-called “natural” this has increased birth rates in the country and reduced death rates. The remaining number of individuals involved individuals who came in the country via more the high rates of immigrants rather that people migrating from the state (McDonald and Kippen, 2014). This rate of immigration in the country has caused numerous financial crises in the country where, for instance, the tax rates in the country increased. Due to the increased number of individuals in the country, the government has introduced various refugee camps which have used a lot of cash for them to be constructed. This clearly explains why there have been various financial crises in the country. From a research carried out by multiple scholars using census, they discovered that the features of the population opposed to growth and immigration in areas analyzed in the top 20 percent were mostly in Sydney and Melbourne (Murphy, 2015). Furthermore, according to the countrywide census, the area mainly opposed to population growth was Sydney, where the cost of housing had risen drastically, and there was congestion in the town (Murphy, 2015).
Immigration Hinders the Balancing of the aging population in Australia
In the coming years, the population in Australia is set to be around 30 million. In the past years, it was estimated from the projections that the Australian population would not reach 25 million till the year 2040; however; this estimation was not put into consideration after the high immigration rates. The Australian Liberal Senator came up with a policy involving immigration which ensured the country’s stock was adequate. Australian government relied on the inaccurate population projections; this placed the government in a position where they came up with a policy involving planning and infrastructure to meet the needs of the citizens as they were unprepared (Peters, 2017). Through the use of moratorium, the Australian government got the spaced it needed to the increase in the population.
Faltering of the Economic Growth in the Country
Substantial population growth is said to be one of the main drivers of economic development in Australia. Australia’s 20th era of continuous development is caused by a lack of minor sector to a growing and developing population (Pickering, 2018). For instance, a country like Japan has issues of population growth, which is under a slow rate, which is quite different from that of Australia. Slow economic development rate is a less challenge as the produced amount of products is adequate for the small population in the country. Immigration has led to high demand in the country’s economy; this has helped in propping up the country’s expenditure and earnings.
Immigration in Australia has caused quicker aging among the workforce
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, most immigrants who migrated to the country aged between 26 and 40 years. This included both those immigrants who were permanently and temporary living in the country. From the census data, it was discovered that more than half of these migrants were permanently residing in the country (Richardson, 2016). This population age of these immigrants in Australia placed the country’s workforce at risk as most of these individuals were aging. Almost half of these immigrants could not perform manual jobs as they lacked strength. This affected the country’s economic and social status at a higher risk.
Immigration has led to environmental destruction in the country
In case the country halts immigration traffic congestion will continue decreasing at a drastic rate. However, it might also not get better as the country would have few potential housing and property buyers. Nevertheless, through adequate housing promotion in the country through tax incentives, most buyers can purchase the property without even having to migrate to Australia. Moreover, constructors can retort towards the demand needed by buyers hence constructing fewer houses (Taylor, 2014). However, other politicians claim that the government should continue to build infrastructure to enhance development in the country instead of concentrating on reducing immigration rates. The best approaches in this scenario are reducing the costs of housing among their residents and build refugee camps for the few immigrants; this is to reduce the congestion of roads. People were observed lining up at the central station during the evening waiting for trains; they were evenly spread along with the platform. However, this kind of congestion in the station can be dealt with by the government, improving the infrastructure outside small cities in Sydney.
Furthermore, congestion and lack of decent housing in the cities led to the spread of diseases among residents. Due to overpopulation in Australia, hospitals recorded an increase in illnesses such as cholera, malaria, and typhoid among most individuals. Most patients claimed that the quality of their housing was not convincing as they were infected with such diseases due to lack of clean water and foods. Due to congestion in the country, the government could not provide enough clean water for their citizens. This also made the government restrict immigration in the country. Other citizens in the state claimed that some of their opposition parties have questioned whether they have been getting adequate clean water due to the increased population in the country; this was before desalination plants became common in the country. Other citizens and high-rank politicians claimed that the imposed restriction upon immigration in Australia should be implemented for a better tomorrow (Wills, 2015).
Furthermore, there is a particular assumption made by most immigrants in Australia which bring about to discussion about population growth in a state which banned black immigrants since 1971. This was imposed by the Australian during that century though it was forbidden when the restriction of any immigrant was imposed. Immigration has also slowed down the Australian economy hence weakening the demand for labor. The disparity involving demand and supply of labor has made it difficult for the government to do away with immigration. In cities such as Sydney and Melbourne, the demand for labor has dramatically increased (Wood and McAdam, 2016). However, in these two cities, it is also where there is a high demand for houses and congestion; hence; the government is pushed to restricting immigration in the country. In these two cities, the government contractors are assigned to construct new transport infrastructure only to increase the demand. Jobs in Sydney and Melbourne would still be filled, although the restriction of immigration in Australia as there is a vast number of individuals are unemployed, and there are jobs in the cities.
Australians have a unique culture which is considered insecure when the government allows immigration in the country. Every country has its own culture, which is well preserved and cannot allow any to destroy or bring up other rules in the culture (Wood and McAdam, 2016). Also, in Australia, they are a culture which residents follow, and by allowing immigrants in their country, the perception might be changed or altered by the immigrants. To prevent this from happening, the government is supposed to impose immigration restrictions on immigration. Nevertheless, by allowing immigrants in Australia reduces the capacity in which the country can hold its residents hence; making it difficult for the government to sustain the population. Immigration in Australia has also led to the destruction of the natural ecosystem due to increased temperature and less rainfall in the country. This is another reason why the Australian government should restrict immigration in the country (Young, 2014).
The increase in net overseas migrants from Europe and other Asian countries in the country bring about both advantages and disadvantages in Austria’s economy, culture, and politics. Especially in the economic sector, immigration has dramatically affected the country’s economy. It was discovered that immigration could either increase Australia’s economy or decline the country’s economy as discussed from the above research. By imposing restrictions on immigration in Australia, they would be a reduction in population growth in the cities involved. The Australian government will also grow economically due to the reduced population in the country as there will be enough resources to sustain the population in the country and there will be employment chances in the country which will increase the taxes. Citizens in Australian will have an adequate supply of water in the there house hence reducing being infected with a specific disease. This will reduce the government’s expenses on the health facilities and services being provided to their citizens. Immigration restrictions in Australia would increase the number of expertise in Melbourne and other cities in Australia. This will reduce congestion and will increase the government’s income in the country. As suggested by most politicians in Australi, the issue of immigration should be dealt with for once as it has less positive impacts on the states. By imposing restrictions on immigration, there will be reduced congestion in cities, and hence; there will be an improved environment in the country. However, immigration in Australia has advantages also such as: for temporary migration by students there will be economic benefits as they improve the tourism sector in the country. The Australian government has to do the best in ensuring there is a better tomorrow for their citizens, and imposing restrictions on immigration is one of them.
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