French Quebec Nationalism
A major turning point in the history of Canada was the fall of Quebec which resulted in the transformation of a French colony into a British colony. Had it not happened, English would never have become the first language of the country. The battle of Quebec was one of the numerous wars fought between the British and the French over fur and land during the 18th century. The fall of Quebec ensured the control and domination of British in major parts of North America. New ideas were brought forward by new generations who came in power and redefined the political scenario of the province. The Quebec Act was drafted by the British government which motivated the growth of nationalism in Quebec and since then, the nationalist movement has remained powerful and dominated the politics of the province.
Troubles in Manitoba
In 1870, the British government introduced the Manitoba Act under which the Catholic and Protestant system of schooling was to be unified. However, as Protestants dominated the politics, the government eventually stopped funding the Catholic schools (Crunican, 2012). This resulted in a lot of discontent in the Manitoba and Quebec regions and masses protested on large scales. It was only when the Liberals came into power did the Catholic system of schooling revived but the loss of French from the Canadian system still disturbed the nationalist leaders of the province (Crunican, 2012).
The 1830s rebellions
In the early years of 1830s, the habitants of French Canada (or Quebec) had to encounter stressful economic conditions, an agricultural crisis and severe famine and drought. Louis-Joseph Papineau led an organized mass of nationalists working with the and demanded more power and authority at apolitical level. The nationalists asked for a raise in the revenues spent in Quebec and the control of the provincial civil service. The killing of the local Quebec’s people by the British troops during and/or after the riots also helped in increasing the tension and polarisation between the two groups present in the country. The situation was further worsened when the British government refused to achieve any sort of agreement with the French Canadian parties and took away their money as well.
Therefore, in 1837, a number of rebellions took place in Lower Canada in an attempt to reform the French nationalism in the area. Boycotts of British goods were organized and protest rallies held all over the country. In answer, the British called for carrying out military activities against the ‘rebels’ and arresting the leaders. The British burned down Quebec settlements and there was widespread looting and harassment of the families of the rebels. Although the rebels did manage to defeat small British forces but the rebellions failed against the large British forces result in tension between the British and the French Canadians greatly increasing. The people who were accused of leading the rebellions were exiled while many other participants were deported to Australia and the nationalism force was weakened.
Born in 1922, Rene Levesque was an important figure in the history of Quebec. He served as the premier of the French Canadian province and is popular for his active efforts of promoting sovereignty for Quebec. In late 1967, Levesque helped form several separatist movements, of which the most important was Mouvement Soverainete-Association (Britannica, 2012). His career in politics took a major turn with his admission into the Quebec National Assembly where he took up the responsibility of public works and later on, social welfare. Levesque and his party aspired to achieve semi-independence for the French Canadians in Quebec; the idea was to ensure a system in which the provincial governing body made their own laws, collected their own taxes and administered their own foreign policy rather than the British federal system. In return, the provincial government was to create an economic reunion with the federal government. However, the idea of implementing any such plan was rejected in a referendum held in 1980 by a 59.6% of the voters and Levesque’s party suffered a great political setback (Britannica, 2012). Despite this fact, Levesque remained popular and still has a great place in Quebec history.
Born at Montreal, Bourassa was a very well — known journalist and politician in the Quebec history. His political career began with the post of the mayor of Montebello back in 1890. The Anglo-American Commissions of Quebec also had him in the secretarial office in 1898 but he soon resigned and got himself re-elected as an independent parliament member (Belanger, 2004). In the years 1900 — 1920, Bourassa became popular as Quebec’s most influential personality. However, unfortunately he lost his popularity to other prominent leaders and intellectuals after the Great War. Throughout his career, Bourassa’s primary concerns were the threats the British system posed to the Canadian way of living and administration, and the speedy rate at which French Canadian areas were Americanizing (Belanger, 2004). Being a journalist, he used his writing to make the people aware of all such concerns of his. Bourassa also played an essential part in depriving the governing Liberals of their major support in the Quebec politics.
In October 1970, two government officials were kidnapped by people who were accused of being linked to the Front deliberation (FLQ) in Quebec (Tetley, 2007). This became popular as the October Crisis or the FLQ crisis. FLQ was a Quebec nationalist group which had previously carried out several acts of bombing and terrorism in the country with the city hall and police recruitment stations being their major targets. They had also financed numerous bank robberies as well. As a result, the government had imprisoned a large number of FLQ members and even convicted some of them of murder. In retaliation, the FLQ then carried out the kidnapping of James Cross, British Trade Commissioner and Pierre Laporte, the Minister of Labour and Vice-Premier of Quebec and then demanded the release of FLQ members as ransom (Tetley, 2007).
In such crucial times, the Quebec government resorted to seek help from the Canadian army under the National Defence Act and as a result, the War Measures Act was implemented (Tetley, 2007). With these measures, the police were given ‘far-reaching, flexible powers’ and it appeared that martial law had been more or less been declared. The imposition of the War Measures Act infuriated the FLQ and they responded by assassinating Pierre Laporte. This scared the Quebec government and thus, they agreed to negotiate with the kidnappers. As a result, James Cross was released in exchange of the release of five prominent FLQ members (Tetley, 2007). Moreover, the FLQ crisis resulted in the aggressive Quebec separatist movement losing the support and popularity it had strived hard to gain in the course of ten years. In contrast, the separatist movement that aspired to gain independence through political rather than violent means quickly gained popularity and became in the limelight.
Another referendum held to decide the independence of Quebec was held in 1995. Although a little different from the previous one, it also resulted in a 50.58% voting no (Gall, 2012). To be honest, it has always been difficult to understand Quebec nationalism, especially in the modern world when the complexity of the political and the public opinions has further enlarged. No other political event has ever faced the tremendous amount of support and opposition simultaneously, as the Quebec nationalism has done so.
Belanger, D. (2004). Henri Bourassa (1868-1953). Informally published manuscript, Department of History, McGill University, Montreal, QC. Retrieved from http://faculty.marianopolis.edu/c.belanger/quebechistory/bios/henribourassabio.htm
Crunican, P.E. (2012). Manitoba schools question. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/manitoba-schools-question
Gall, G.L. (2012). Quebec referendum (1995). Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/quebec-referendum-1995
Rene Levesque. (2012). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/337886/Rene-Levesque
Tetley, W. (2007). The October Crisis, 1970: An insider’s view. Montre-al: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
1. Place an order
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!