Summary of the European models of governance

Summary of the European models of governance

Several institutions may practice the same model in their analysis but at the same note differ in agreement for their crucial elements. To practitioners and politicians, it is very difficult to make use of models due to the inability to locate its reference. The models used in governance are interrelated which enable the function ability of the government.

The standard European model of governance

European governance dates back in the last part of eighteenth to the early nineteenth century in France and Prussia. Crucial differences are witnessed in Napoleonic and Weberian model thought there are some similar elements on the two. It is known that Weber in his model concentrated on highlighting the structure and the functioning of the central government with no input on local government though it is clear that the Napoleonic model was perfect in centralization government and could be relied upon for efficiency.

Parliamentary affairs

Monarchies of some countries like France and Prussia practised those principles which were intended in strengthening their armies to safeguard their civil service. This was made possible by effectively applying diagonal communication from top to bottom and vice versa which was strengthened by a universal decision making at the top government. The European institution is known to initially apply the parliamentary system of governance. Two centuries, Britain maintained its complex system of local government as opposed to the Napoleonic model which concentrated on centralized government. Until the last twentieth century, Britain civil service had not been put into a court review though with time it successfully incorporated both the Napoleonic and Weberian model in its governance because of the authoritarian nature of their structure.

With those two rhyming models in place, there was a third model named Westminster which incorporated a well-organized hierarchical system. This model put in practice the main features of the previous two discussed models. Between the middle of the nineteenth century and 1914 to 1919, the Franco-Prussian form of administration was adopted not only in Britain but in most European countries though Sweden was an exception.

Swedish export in the government system

The Swedish model of government to date remains complicated outside Nordic countries. Though some of the characteristics of their used model are well known, it is not correctly associated with the welfare state period. Sweden institutions have their governance model originated from three waves namely: ombudsman wave, public management reform wave and adaptation of Swedish model wave. Other countries like the Netherlands, Italy and the countries constituting European Union followed the same model of government. This system of a model posed a challenge of not fully understanding the logic behind it for one would get astray in the process due to the lack of in-depth study.

The Swedish model of government

The Swedish model incorporated the revision of the Nordic model which was done after the country joined the EU. In whole this model was categorized in 6 characteristics summed up in the rule of law, self-run agencies without external interference, informal decision making resting upon ministers, and open government with a freedom of expression, the ultimate consequence of the separation of executive and judiciary, and finally the ombudsman.

Standard European model versus the Swedish model of government

These two models though different, they also have some similarities. These similarities range from rule of law which converges due to the effects of EU and UCHR law, the presence of a system for judicial evaluation of the authority deed and the importance of the lawful basis for government action. Though common, the institutional setting is established differently from one model to another.

The frame of the European countries is legally based on the separation of the policy-making process and its implementation. The policy-making is left in the hands of the EU institutions with the implementation task to be done by a separate body in this case Member State government. To generalize all this for the conclusion, the European Union is so powerful matters political decision-making with the national government mandated with the management responsibility.

With time, the standard European model grew where the parliamentary regime and Weberian bureaucracy were combined in the sense that, those who had occupied political positions would directly regulate the decision implementation.

The hierarchical powers were mandated with the regulation of the task carried out by the civil service on the standard European model with the Swedish model leaving all the responsibilities involving those of criminology to be undertaken by the civil servants without any external forces.

The standard model would be laid on the knowledge of the joined executive branch of the regime with the Swedish model laying its powers on the cabinet.

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