Stress Management: Nuclear Energy Institute
Nuclear energy has been heralded as one of man’s greatest blessings. It has the ability to supply affordable energy to millions of citizens, solving some of the nation’s most critical energy needs. Under normal circumstances, nuclear energy is safe and reliable. Plants have numerous protocols in place to assure that it remains that way. However, nuclear energy also has a dark side and the potential to cause great harm. In any incident that involves the release of radiation causes considerable stress for everyone involved.
Everyone is aware of the dangers of radiation and its effects on the body. Those who work in facilities are trained in all aspects of the dangers and in measures that they can take to protect themselves. Worker safety at a nuclear facility is a high priority and is a continual concern. This concern is magnified if an accident, or human act jeopardizes the safety of the facility. Workers at the facility are particularly vulnerable to stress is associated with critical incidents at the facility. They are closest to the source of radiation and have the greatest chance for high exposure levels.
The Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) has developed a critical incident stress management (CISM) protocol to help identify and manage issues associated with stress involving a critical incident at a nuclear facility. Concern in the program is not only for the workers at the facility who maintain it on a regular basis, but also for first responders, as they are likely to be exposed to the compound and stress of the critical incident and of the potential for radiation exposure. Nuclear facilities are high risk for the development of stress related conditions among workers and among first responders. The development of a successful CISM program is essential for helping return to operations as normal in protecting the long-term health of those most likely in harm’s way. The following examines the CISM plan of the NEI.
Elements of the Program
This program will have several elements that address critical incident stress management from prevention through the recovery phase. The formal elements of the program will include the following.
1. Engaging preventative measures to help prevent critical incident stress
2. Develop interventions aimed at preventing critical incident stress
3. Learning how to recognize the manifestations of critical incident stress
4. Developing appropriate interventions for plant workers and first responders who display these symptoms
5. Developing appropriate interventions to help develop resiliency in stressful situations
6. To understand the role of cultural constructs that may affect the design and implementation of these measures and to integrate ways to resolve them into the critical incident stress management plan.
Rationale for the critical incident stress management plan stems from research in the area of post traumatic stress disorder. Research in this area has largely focused on prevention and intervention featuring the negative effects of critical incident stress. This research will summarize research studies and how the findings can help in the development of the NEI Critical Stress Management Plan.
First responders and nuclear facility workers are considered to be a high-risk category in that they are at risk for a variety of health and mental health consequences, one of which is posttraumatic stress disorder developed as a result of traumatic critical incidents (Pietrantoni & Prati, 2008). The goal of the critical incident stress management program is to examine resilience factors that protect first responders’ from consequences associated with stress.
Stress associated with critical incidents can cause symptoms including burnout, fatigue, diminished self-esteem and self-efficacy. These can lead to symptoms associated with other mental hall disorders such as depression and anxiety related symptoms. It is been found that the first responders’ self-esteem and self-efficacy is predictive of resiliency after a critical incident (Pietrantoni & Prati, 2008). This research supports the development of preventative programs that focus on building self-esteem and that provide them tools that give them the confidence to handle the stress associated with critical incidents. Having the tools to cope is a key to the prevention of long-term problems. This research demonstrates that training aimed at prevention will help to reduce critical incident stress.
Critical incident stress debriefing is one of the methods that has been developed as an intervention to help first responders to cover from the stress created by the event into return to work as quickly as possible. Critical incident stress debriefing involves group counseling intended to normalize the shared event and to create resiliency among first responders and victims. The effectiveness of critical incident stress debriefing has demonstrated mixed results in the empirical setting (Jacobs, Horne-Meyer, & Jones, 2004).
According to these authors, the results were different among first responders and among victims, yet many of the studies included sample groups that contain both first responders and victims. Jacobs, Horne-Meyer, & Jones, attribute the reported results to skew in the sample populations, making the conclusions of the studies questionable. Their review suggests that critical incident stress debriefing is an effective method for reducing PTSD-related symptoms in first responders, but the same results are not obtained when the debriefing is conducted on victims. Studies indicate that for victims, the debriefing may actually have a detrimental effect on their mental health.
These research studies suggest that training aimed at increasing the first responders’ ability to manage their stress will not only increase the resistance to the stress, but will also aid in resiliency after an incident. Critical incident debriefing after the event will further resilience in those that were prepared for the incident through training. The results of the studies lead to the rationale that training as a prevented measure and debriefing after the event are important parts of the Critical Incident Stress Management Plan. Research suggests that preparing for stress in the event of critical incidents begins long before the actual event takes place.
According to Bledsoe, (2002), providing critical incident stress management debriefing can create a legal liability. First responders may use this as evidence that they have incurred an injury through their work environment. However, it is the philosophy of the NEI and this management plan that the health and well being of first responders outweighs any legal liability that the program may create. Aside from the moral responsibility of helping those who help us, not treating the problems and allowing them to grow could also create also liability. The philosophy of this program takes a proactive approach to preventing and mitigating the effects of critical incident stress and in preventing host traumatic stress disorder.
One of the myths surrounding critical incident stress management is that first responders and those who work in potentially hazardous environments are tougher than the rest of the population. Recent research demonstrates that this is not true and that tragedies affect them as severely as the effect the rest of us (Brown, 2006). This program was developed in recognition of the need for mental health services for first responders and those who work closely with nuclear facilities. This program will entail several phases, with a focus on prevention and intervention to increase resiliency after a critical incident. The following activities will be included in the program.
1. Development of a critical incident stress management team to develop and oversee the program
2. Development of a critical incident stress management training program to help build a resiliency among fire department members
3. The development of a plan that will be enacted in the event of a critical incident to help members return to the daily routine with as little impact is possible
4. Conduct of a critical incident stress debriefing a soon after a critical incident as possible
5. Group counseling to help defuse the stress of the critical incident for those who were involved
6. Provision of individual counseling and services for those who are identified to need further services Office of Work-life Management, 2011).
The focus of the program will be on prevention and resilience in light of critical incident management stress. Several cultural issues will play a role in the development and implementation of the plan. The first is that several political issues exist involving the safety and potential hazards of the nuclear program. The possibility of nuclear fallout in the event of any natural and manmade disaster raises key social and cultural issues. These cultural and social pressures may add to the stress of the workers and first responders. They must not only deal with the dangers of their work, they must also deal with a portion of the public that does not agree with the existence of nuclear energy at all. These cultural and political issues worsen the effects of the incident itself on the mental health of those who must respond to an incident. These cultural and political pressures may make them reluctant to discuss their mental health issues about the incident.
Why This Approach was Chosen
This approach has chosen due to its high degree of success in other organizations, such as the U.S. Coast Guard. It is loosely based on the Mitchell Model, which stresses debriefing and recovery. However this plan utilizes research that stresses prevention, as well as after incident debriefing to achieve the best results and greatest resiliency for fire department members. This critical incident stress management model takes the best from these programs and combines it with evidence from the latest research on prevention. This proactive approach represents an all around method that stresses prevention as well as intervention.
Brown, R. (2006). Stress Management Real Life Story — Firs Responders Get Help Dealing With
Stress. October 2006, The Delaware News Journal. Retrieved from http://www.criticalincidentstress.com/help_for_first_responders.
Blesdoe, B. (2002), June). CISM: Possible Liability for EMS Services? Prehospital Perspective.
2002; 1(6): September (reprint of Best Practices piece) Retrieved from http://www.bryanbledsoe.com/data/pdf/mags/CISM%20(BP).pdf
Jacobs J, Horne-Moyer HL, Jones R (2004). “The effectiveness of critical incident stress debriefing with primary and secondary trauma victims.” International Journal of Emergency Mental Health 6 (1): 5 — 14. PMID 15131998.
Pietrantoni L, & Prati G. (2008). Resilience among first responders. Afr Health Sci. 2008 Dec;8
Office of Work-Life Programs. (2011). Critical Incident Stress Management. U.S.. Coast Guard.
Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
1. Place an order
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!