Criminal Investigators: Terrorism as a major threat to CIs

Understanding the challenge

Terrorism as a major threat to Criminal investigators

Criminal investigators have faced previous exposures to hazards including natural calamities, technical difficulties, and criminal activities, and the protection of CI as a separate policy was after the repercussions of the 9/11 occurrence. Over the past years, terrorists have increased their interests in Criminal investigators as a means of promoting their activities further. For instance, in 2002, members of the Al-Qaida looked to establish weaknesses in the United States on both public and private activities. A computer that had information pertaining to dam analysis was discovered in Afghanistan facilitated the United States National Infrastructure Protection Center to send a warning bulletin. No sector has managed to escape activities by terrorist attackers. For example, in the transport sector recently, Metro and Brussels airports were attacked by ISIL operations. In this incidence, thirty-two people lost their lives. The energy sector has also had its own fair share of terrorist attacks manipulated by the Al-Qaida. In other cases, attackers have tried launch attacks on infrastructure consisting of dangerous materials. The recent discovery has shown that the new generation of terrorists will familiarize itself with ICT. Although cyber terrorist’s attacks are yet to take place, it is likely to provide a perfect channel for terrorists to develop attacks on various infrastructures. The increased know-how in ICT makes it inevitable for these attacks to take place. If the government and the relevant sectors leave the issue an unaddressed, it could impact international peace and security.

Criminal investigators as a soft target

Soft targets are mostly associated with places where large masses gather, while hard targets refer to hose places that have enough security guarded by military or armed individuals. Soft target makes it easy for terrorists to strike. However, soft targets do not always have to entail those sports with many people. Recently, the relevant bodies have re-defined the aspect by arguing that using the two terms separately fails to address the overall protection policies in the fight against terrorism adequately.

The specific threats to Criminal investigators

Terrorist attacks towards Criminal investigators could take multiple dimensions. The threats depend on their nature, the place of origin, and how they take place. The identification and understanding of the attacks likely to take place within the Criminal investigators from the grounds of the first step as a means of formulating adequate strategies as protection measures.

Physical versus cyber threats

Physical threats aim at destroying and infrastructure and weakening its operations. One of such attacks entails the use of explosives. To the attackers, the aim is to gain partial or total destruction of the infrastructure. The attackers could also systems to misbehave. Although cyber threats differ from physical ones, the aims at achieving the same outcome. Cyber threats consist of the following: Manipulation of systems and information by use of malware that exploits weaknesses in software and hardware essential for the running of Criminal investigators. They could also interrupt the functions of crucial systems such as DoS. The launch of ransomware causes harm to the systems.

Internal versus external threats

Many times the Criminal investigators focus more on the external threats and give less consideration to the internal ones. When one compares the external actors who use unacceptable means to gain access, insiders have more advantage. Insider actors consist of employees, suppliers, and the company at large. Insider perpetrators mostly act as informants. They have the advantage of observing most of the processes in the organization.

Isolated versus various attacks

Threats against Criminal investigators could take place remotely and irregularly to cause harm to the infrastructure within the same sector, for example, nuclear power plants owned by a single individual within the same geographical place. One could relate the same with a CI cyber-attack like those that take place for industrial espionage where the attack is more like a campaign. For example, “LURID” attack in 2011 targeted the ICT system of individuals including diplomatic activities and other government agencies. The establishment of trends within the same occurrence requires for effective analytical tools and information processing from a variety of uninformed sources. Many cyber-attacks remain concealed as the operators are reluctant to make them known. The knowledge of identification of such attacks early provides a better platform to make those attacks known, and allow the authority to share the information. Information sharing on such attacks allows for effective intervention and predicts others against likely victims.

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