Controversy of Vaccination among Children

Microbiology Research Paper: Controversy of Vaccination among Children



Vaccination is one way of ensuring control of various diseases affecting human beings and nearly all animals. The idea of vaccination is based on an introduction of an attenuated form of a disease in the human body with an aim of developing antibodies to fight against the infection. The attenuated pathogens do not have serious effects on the human body and has less possibility of causing the disease. Various researches show mixed effects of the use of vaccines in controlling diseases. Microbiology is a branch of medicine that deals with researching the prognosis of different infections and designing appropriate vaccines and medicine for control or curative purposes. Vaccines are made to help bodies of living organisms in fighting against pathogens. The concept of vaccination is based on the introduction of a weakened form of the disease to be prevented, with an aim of developing antibodies against similar pathogens. The use of vaccines to control infections have however, received a mixture of reactions from people since some reject the use while others have embraced it. Arguably, the mixed reactions among people as far as vaccination is concerned may be studied by researching the advantages and disadvantages of the practice.

Statement of the Problem

Over years, clinicians and medics have been proposing different vaccines to help in curbing diseases affecting humanity. However, there have been different reactions as far as the use vaccines are concerned. Different drugs used as vaccines have proved to be having varied effects on human bodies. In other words, vaccines may work different depending on the chemical composition of a person. In such cases, the results may be positive or negative. The main problem associated with the research herein in about the main reasons for acceptance or rejection of vaccination by parents when dealing with their children’s health. The problem calls for an examination of advantages and drawbacks of vaccination on different children.

Research Objectives

  1. What are some of the commonest diseases requiring the use of vaccines to control or manage the prevalent and spread?
  2. What are the reactions of parents as far as the use of vaccines on their children are concerned
  3. what are the reasons for accepting or rejecting vaccination by different people?


Reviewing Secondary Literature

Different authors have presented the concept of vaccination in various ways depending on the findings obtained from their primary researches. According to Chen, Strych, Hotez, & Bottazzi, (2020), vaccination is a good way of preventing contagious infections, especially viral diseases, which do not have cure. The only possible way of managing such infections involves an introduction of weakened form of the pathogens causing the infections. The introduction of the weakened pathogens triggers the production of antibodies that would protect the body in case the real infection is contracted. Various researches show the common diseases that requires vaccination. The infections, which are common in children, include Influenza type B, Human Papillomavirus (HPV), whooping cough, pneumonia, Meningococcal disease, and Shingles. According to Pauna, Luca, & Azoicai, (2019), these diseases are dangerous and should be controlled by administering vaccines at the right ages. Vaccination is done at different specific ages, mostly from childhood. The mentioned infections are dangerous and perceptible, especially among children. Vaccination is, therefore, the only sure way of preventing the spread of such diseases. Most importantly, researches have reported the outbreak of certain severe infections that kills within a short time. Such diseases have been found to seasonal and cause serious impacts on human lives. New viruses, implying a possibility of lacking the required vaccine, commonly cause the infections. Dealing with such infections involves a thorough research by microbiologists to find out the necessary vaccine as soon as the virus hits. Example of viruses that once caused serious effects on humanity include the Spanish Flu of 1918, Ebola virus, yellow fever, chicken pox, and the current COVID-19 virus causing Corona disease. The mentioned infections have severe effects on children.


The research focused mainly on qualitative approach, especially using secondary literature to find out the advantages and disadvantages of vaccines on children’s health. The methodology used aimed at comparing the findings from different secondary sources with the view of finding the relevant results as far as vaccines are concerned.


Why People Choose Vaccines

According to the findings obtained from different secondary sources, most of the individuals’ main arguments were in support of vaccination of children. Most people argue that vaccination is one way of preventing the most dangerous infections that would otherwise result in a series of death cases among children. Most medical doctors have also showed a positive reaction towards the use of vaccines in the eradication and prevention of diseases. The main view of the medics is the ability of the vaccines to offer protection in event contagious diseases enters human body. The advantage has been the main reason for the reduced mortality rates among children below the age of five. Medics have showed a consistent need for advancing the use of vaccines to prevent the infections that is highly life threatening. Therefore, there are specified age groups for administration of different vaccines to prevent specific infections among children. The prevention of infections is a major reason for acceptance of vaccination among medics and a greater numbers of the public.

Another reason for the acceptance of vaccination among most children is the ability to eradicate infections. Through vaccination, medics and governments across the world have managed to contain various contagious diseases. Preventing the spread of the diseases is one way of eradication, which is only possible through vaccination. Even though there are other ways of containing infections apart from vaccination, the approaches are dependent on the nature of the diseases, causes, and methods of spread. For example, highly contagious diseases such as the current corona disease may be controlled through self-isolation. However, there are a number of diseases such as polio that can only be eradicated through vaccination. As a result, people still values the vaccination for better health reasons.

Besides, vaccination is widely accepted by most people due to the reduced medication cost resulting from the practice. Medical expenses to cater for good human health every time a disease strikes may not be readily available and this has been a major cause of serious medical conditions, which may even result in deaths (Keshavarz, Mirzaei, Salemi, Momeni, Mousavi, Sadeghalvad, & Mokhtari-Azad, 2019). Most countries, especially the developing, have been found to be having less-developed medical care. The medical care in these countries is associated with high costs that may not be afforded by common citizens. Linking this observation with the fact that most citizens in such countries are living below poverty line, accessing better health care is a problem. Therefore, using vaccination as a way of preventing infections is advantageous to such population since it would save the medical expenses. As a result, most individuals prefer vaccination.

Why People object the use of Vaccines

Fig. 1

However, the results from different secondary sources also reveal some reasons for rejection of vaccines by a percentage of individuals from various nations. The use of vaccines to prevent infections has been found to be causing serious health effects on newborn babies. The effects are due to the prolonged use of vaccines or the administration of incompatible vaccines by the mothers. The vaccines used may increase the susceptibility of some serious health conditions on the newborn babies. Some of the diseases that may be contracted by the newborns because of use of vaccines by mothers include hepatitis. This is one major reason why people object the use of vaccines. Another reason for the non-acceptance of vaccination in the prevention of diseases is the reduced body’s immune system resulting from artificial immunity. Scientific researches reveal that artificial immunity may not offer enough protection against infections for a long time.


Fig. 2

Unlike natural immunity, artificial immunity may trigger genetic modification by the pathogens, which may reduce the effectiveness of the immune system towards fighting the diseases (Wilson, Gerdts, & Babuik, 2020). In addition, introducing toxic chemicals in human bodies may result in serious allergic reactions that would, in turn, breeds more serious health conditions. Different people have varied chemical compositions within the bodies, implying varied reactions towards specific chemicals. Allergic reactions are major causes of death among human beings if the reactions become severely hypertensive. The reasons are some of the major causes of rejection of vaccination among different people. Even though there are positive sides of the practice, the drawbacks may also result in serious health issues; hence, some people prefer the normal treatment process to vaccination.


The research has presented a new insight that can be used to make meaningful decision as far as immunization is concerned. One of the lessons learned from the research that attenuated pathogens cannot cause serious effects on the body, but triggers the production of antibodies to offer artificial immunity in an event the real infection strikes. However, the existing debate on the use of vaccines to control infections may be approached scientifically to ensure safety of human beings. The research has also revealed various steps to and strategies for ensuring benefits of vaccination among children. First, the medics should derive sure ways of testing for compatibility of individuals’ bodies with the vaccines that may result in hypersensitive reactions within the body should not be administered. In addition, it is important to consider other available approaches for controlling the infections before embracing on vaccination. On this note, it is important to consider the nature of a disease and its main mode of transmission. Some disease can be contained by other means such as isolation. Therefore, vaccination should only be administered if there is a possibility of experiencing more of its advantages than the drawbacks.


Chen, W., H., Strych, U., Hotez, P., J., & Bottazzi, M., E. (2020). The SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine pipeline: an overview. Current tropical medicine reports (2020): 1-4.

Keshavarz, M., Mirzaei, H., Salemi, M., Momeni, F., Mousavi, M., J., Sadeghalvad, M., & Mokhtari-Azad, T. (2019). Influenza vaccine: Where are we and where do we go? Reviews in Medical Virology, 29(1), e2014.

Pauna, A., M., R., Luca, A., C., & Azoicai, D. (2019). Influenza Vaccination. Advantages and Disadvantages. SEA-practical Application of Science, (20), 131-136.

Wilson, H., L., Gerdts, V., & Babuik, L., A. (2020). Mucosal Vaccine Development for Veterinary and Aquatic Diseases. In Mucosal Vaccines (pp. 811-829). Academic Press.

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