The discriminatory nature of the law against non-citizens

Judicial Reasoning The unanimous reasoning as per McLaughlin CJ claimed that the non-disclosure of evidence during the certificate and detention process violated the s. 7 of the Charter. This was reasoned because the procedure removes the protected liberty of the appellants, and that certain aspects of the removal may affect their security. Additionally, the non-disclosure… Continue reading The discriminatory nature of the law against non-citizens

legal issues concerning the IRPA’s certificate scheme

The Charkaoui v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration) 2007 SCC 9 case implicates various legal issues concerning the IRPA’s certificate scheme validity. Firstly, whether the procedure for establishing the reasonableness as per IRPA infringe section 7 of the Charter or not. Secondly, whether the detention itself oversteps the Charter as per sub-sections 7,9,10, or 12. Thirdly, if… Continue reading legal issues concerning the IRPA’s certificate scheme

The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act

Ministers are allowed to issue certificates to permanent residents as well as foreign nationals. They are given this authority by the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, which also prohibits the entry into the country by undocumented foreign nationals due to apparent security reasons. The certificates issued are subject to assessment by a federal judge who… Continue reading The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act

The Procedural History and Cause of Action

Procedural History and Cause of Action The main parties (appellants) in the case included Mohammed Harkat, Adil Charkaoui, and Hassan Almrei. During the time of their detentions, the appellants challenged the legitimacy and unconstitutionality of the IRPA’s detention review and certificate scheme process as stated by the constitution. However, the appellants were unsuccessful. On the other… Continue reading The Procedural History and Cause of Action

Citizenship and Immigration Case Comment

  Charkaoui v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration) Case Comment Overview The case being analyzed and critiqued is that involving Charkaoui v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration) 2007 SCC 9. Throughout the case comment, there will be an overview of the case summary, including the case background information, essential facts, as well as the significant legal controversies and issues raised… Continue reading Citizenship and Immigration Case Comment

The most noticeable difference in language development

The most noticeable difference in language development happens after birth till about eight years old. In infants two-four months old, they start to make sounds (crying, grunts, coos) and begin to babble making vowel sounds. Around six months old they start to vocalize with different pitches.  Eight months is when combining syllables start to happen,… Continue reading The most noticeable difference in language development