Cassia occidentalis Sample Essay Cheap


Toxic plants exist all over the globe. With very many plant types, the likelihood of meeting a toxic plant, even though slim, is not an impossibility. The toxicity of these plants ranges with some being fatal to humans while others just causing mild discomfort. Other plants only become toxic if consumed in certain amounts. The mode of absorption for these plants is also different. Some affect just by touch, others must be eaten, some even inhaled, etc. Some if not most toxic plants are unknown to humans. In some regions across the globe, these poisonous plants get used for medicinal purposes. In plants that affect when no matter the mode of consumption, a perfect example is the plant Abrus precatorius (Fabacae). This plant is known for its seeds used in percussion instruments. The toxicity of the plant occurs since it has abrin; a dimer with two protein subunits A and B. When inhaled, the plant causes breathing difficulties, fever, coughing, nausea, and chest tightness. In ingestion, it causes diarrhea and vomiting, low blood pressure, blood in urine, hallucinations, and seizures. In several days, it might cause the liver, spleen, and kidneys to stop thus the death of the individual. The plant Agave sisalana (Asparagaceae) is another example of a toxic plant which produces an irritant contact dermatitis. If ingested, the plant causes mouth and throat tissues to swell and irritate. Skin contact gives blisters and itches followed within two hours by blistering which heal within two weeks. A puncture near the bone by its sharp leaves may cause a reaction resembling a neoplasm called a granuloma. The plant Gloriosa superba (Colchicaceae) is a poisonous plant with enough toxicity to cause fatalities in both humans and plants. Its toxicity occurs in each of its parts but most characterized in the tuberous rhizomes. In a few hours of ingestion, the victim experiences numbness, vomiting, abdominal pain, throat burns, tingling around the mouth and bloody diarrhea which causes dehydration. Long term effects include the peeling off of the skin and prolonged vaginal bleeding in women. (Tamilselvan et al., 2014, pp. 85-86) The above is just an ignorable percentage of these poisonous plants.

In this study, one of these poisonous plants, Cassia occidentalis is discussed. Studies and research regarding this plant have occurred in the scientific world. A lot of research that appears is often regarding its effects on animals yet fail to fully discuss its impact on humans. Vashishtha et al., (2007, pp. 756-762) highlight hepatomyoencephalopathy cases in children that may have been caused by the plant Cassia occidentalis. These incidences occurred in Uttar Pradesh within a scattered region of approximately 1800 square kilometers. The plant Cassia occidentalis grew within this area in abundance. A number of the residents did not consider the plant poisonous even though animals shunned it. Of the studied cluster, only 5.6% recognized the plant as harmful. 44.4% of the asked confirmed consumption of the plant pods by the children immediately before symptoms occurred. The study found the diseases to be Cassia occidentalis caused yet only the consumption of large amounts had effects. Chhapola et al., (2018) too did research and found that 1.7% of all poisoning cases in India as reported to the National poison information center is a result of Cassia occidentalis, Cannabis, and Datura. They found that Cassia occidentalis affects multiple organ systems in the human body yet, appears more damaging to the brain, liver, and muscle hence toxidrome of hepatomyoencephalopathy. They also agree that literature on human poisoning by Cassia occidentalis is scarce yet abundant in animals. A specific case they point out is a 4.5-year-old child from Western Uttar who consumed Cassia occidentalis and two days later had reduced oral acceptance, lethargy, and altered sensorium (Glasgow coma scale, 13/15 ‑ E3V4M6). Blood investigations of the child “revealed mild anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia with normal kidney function. Liver function tests (LFTs) were deranged with high serum bilirubin (total 1.8 mg/dl and direct‑1.1 mg/dl).” The parents and children also reported cases of younger siblings who had died from similar symptoms after consuming Cassia occidentalis. Their research further gives an assumption that in children, 6-7 pods (250-300 seeds) may cause symptoms that are severe and any more than this number may lead to death if not early treated (Chhapola et al., 2018, pp. 68-69).

The plant Cassia occidentalis is a common weed scattered throughout the foothills of the Himalayas to West Bengali, South India, Sri Lanka, and Burma (Sigh, Jain, & Mishra, 2016, p.1). It is mostly found in the southern part of India. Cassia occidentalis leaves, roots and seed are the commonly used parts of the plant as medicine. The plant belongs to the Calsalpiniaceae family. Alashkmi et al., (2013, p. 5) concludes that the plant Cassia occidentalis has a lot of potential for medical purposes on a range of diseases. The photochemical and biological effects of the plant as a medicine depend on where it originates geographically (Alakshmi et al., 2013). Research, where Cassia occidentalis extracts got administered to patients with paracetamol-induced hepatotoxic, showed positive results with patients improving in just 21 days (Uzzi & Grillo, 2013).

This research aims to review the research done on the effects of the plant Cassia occidentalis on humans if consumed. A systematic analysis of the toxicity of this plant, if there is any, will also get conducted. The symptoms of the toxicity in humans will also get ascertained. Finally, the research highlights a possible medication for Cassia occidentalis toxins in humans. The proposed medication is N-Acetyl cysteine (NAC) since the medication works on glutathione in mitochondria in cells. An example is the treatment of paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity using Cassia occidentalis extracts. This is vital since Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) get used frequently to treat fever, inflammation, and pain in humans. These medications are the causes of drug-induced injuries. Other medications used get characterized by relapses and only symptomatic relief without affecting the main disease.  This situation calls for a medication hence Cassia occidentalis. The plants’ extracts have therapeutic potential since they have hepato-protective potential in their aqueous leaf extracts. There is no effective treatment for this plant up to now hence this research (Uzzi & Grillo, 2013).


Uzzi, H. Q., & Grillo D. B. (2013). The Hepatoprotective Potentials of Aqueous Leaf Extract of Cassia Occidentalis against Paracetamol Induced Hepatotoxicity in Adult Wistar Rats. International Journal of Herbs and Pharmacological Research, 6–13. Department of Anatomy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

Chhapola, V., Kumar, V., Sharma, A. G., & Kanwal, S. (2018) Hepatomyoencephalopathy Secondary to Cassia occidentalis poisoning: Report of Three Cases from North India. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine. Vol 22, Issue 6, p. 68-70. Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Kalawati Saran Children Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Vashishta, V. M., John, J. T., Nayak, N. C., & Kumar, A. (2007) Cassia occidentalis poisoning as the probable cause of hepatomyoencephalopathy in children in western Uttar Pradesh. The Indian Journal of Medical Research.

Signh, V., Jainendra J. & Mishra, A. K. (2016). Pharmacological and Phytochemical Profile of Cassia Occidentalis L: A Review. Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics. 91-96

Tamilselvan, N., Thirumalai, T., Shyamala, P., Ernest, D. (2013) A review on some poisonous plants and their medicinal values. Journal of Acute Disease. 85-89. doi: 10.1016/S2221-6189(14)60022-6 Department of Biotechnology, Thiruvalluvar University, Serkadu, Vellore-632115(T.N.), India

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper